Work–home conflict and facilitation across four different family

May 28, 2017 – 12:00 pm
Types of Family Structures

The purpose of this study was to examine how work–home conflict and facilitation vary among people living in different family structures in Norway, here conceptualized as: two-parent families; single parents; childless couples; and singles. The study used data from a Norwegian study on occupational health (=2414). We hypothesized that respondents living in two-parent families experience more work–home conflict and facilitation than others due to more complex role expectations. Similarly, we hypothesized that the effect of workload and autonomy on work–home conflict and facilitation would be stronger among this group. The results indicate that conflict between work and home life are more profound among those living in two-parent families and among single parents than among childless couples and singles. Work-to-home facilitation did not vary by family structure, whereas the childless couples reported more home-to-work facilitation. Furthermore, with a few exceptions the effects of workload and autonomy on work–home conflict and facilitation did not differ by family structure.

Le but de cette étude était d'examiner les variations en termes de conflits et de facilitation entre vie privée et vie professionnelle entre personnes vivant dans des structures familiales différentes en Norvège, ici conceptualisées comme: familles à deux parents, parents isolés, couples sans enfants et célibataires. L'étude a utilisé les données d'une étude norvégienne sur la santé professionnelle (=2414). Nous prenons comme hypothèse de travail que parmi les personnes interrogées, celles vivant dans des familles à deux parents éprouvent plus de conflits entre leur vie professionnelle et leur vie privée et plus de facilitation que les autres groupes, du fait qu'on s'attend à plus de complexité de leurs rôles. Nous supposons aussi que les effets de la charge de travail et de l'autonomie sur les conflits entre vie professionnelle et vie privée et la facilitation seraient plus fort pour cette catégorie de personnes. Les résultats indiquent que le conflit entre vie privée et vie profesionnelle est plus profond parmi les familles à deux parents et les familles monoparentales que parmi les couples sans enfants et les célibataires. La structure familiale n'a pas d'impact sur la facilitation de la vie privée par la vie professionnelle, alors que les couples sans enfants font ressortir une facilitation de leur vie professionnelle par leur vie privée. A quelques rares exceptions près, les effets de la charge de travail et de l'autonomie sur les conflits entre vie professionnelle et vie privée et sur la facilitation ne changent pas avec le type de structure familiale.

Source: www.tandfonline.com

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