One-child policy official program initiated in the late 1970s and early ’80s by the central of , the purpose of which was to limit the great majority of units in the country to one child each. The rationale for implementing the policy was to reduce the growth rate of China’s enormous . It was announced in late 2015 that the program was to end in early 2016.
Establishment and implementation
China began promoting the use of and with the establishment of the People’s Republic in 1949, though such efforts remained sporadic and voluntary until after the death of in 1976. By the late 1970s China’s population was rapidly approaching the one-billion mark, and the country’s new pragmatic leadership headed by was beginning to give serious consideration to curbing what had become a rapid population growth rate. A voluntary program was announced in late 1978 that encouraged families to have no more than two children, one child being preferable. In 1979 demand grew for making the limit one child per family. However, that stricter requirement was then applied unevenly across the country among the provinces, and by 1980 the central government sought to standardize the one-child policy nationwide. On September 25, 1980, a public letter—published by the of the to the party membership—called upon all to adhere to the one-child policy, and that date has often been cited as the policy’s “official” start date.
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