Italians are all about la famiglia or family. In fact, it’s common for family members to gather for weekly dinners and multiple family members to live under the same roof or neighborhood.
First, let’s learn the various different members of the family. Notice that the article changes depending on the gender of the noun.
- maggiore or più grande (the oldest)
- minore or più piccolo (the youngest)
- di mezzo (the middle)
- il marito (husband)
- la moglie (wife)
- il fidanzato (fiancé)
- la fidanzata (fiancée)
- il cognato (brother-in-law)
- la cognata (sister-in-law)
- il suocero (father-in-law)
- la suocera (mother-in-law)
If you need to describe your marital status, you can use the following terms.
- sposato/a (married)
- nubile (single)
- dicorziato/a (divorced)
- separato/a (separated)
- vedovo/a (widowed)
Important Italian Grammar Tips
When having an Italian conversation about your family there are some important grammar tips you must keep in mind. For example, i parenti in Italian means relatives, not parents.
It’s a false cognate that’s often misused by second language speakers. The correct word for parents is i genitori. A more casual way to refer to your parents is to say ‘i miei’ (literally meaning mine).
When referring to a single member of the family, don’t use the definite article. For instance, tua sorella is correct; and la tua sorella is incorrect. If there is more than one member, you should use the definite article as you would normally. For example, le tue sorelle.
This rule, however, becomes null if the single family member you are referring to is modified in some way (for example, with an adjective, a prefix, suffix or if the possessive is loro). In these cases, use the definite article. See examples below:
- il mio caro cugino (cugino is modified by the adjective caro)
- la mia bisnonna (nonna is modified with the prefix –bis)
- il mio fratellino (fratello is modified with the suffix -ino)
- la loro sorella (sorella is used with the possessive loro)
One additional fine point of the definite article concerns affectionate terms for family members. When using terms such as mamma and papà, if you use the article (i.e. la mia mamma / il mio papa) it possesses an additional affectionate meaning. Whereas if you use it without the article (mia mamma / mio papà) it simply expresses the relationship as your mom or dad.
Try It Out Yourself
Now that you know several useful Italian phrases and words for family, try to develop a sentence using the vocabulary above. Use the example below to help get you started.
“La mia famiglia è molto grande. Mia madre ha sette fratelli, e ho molti cugini. Non ho sorelle, ma ho due fratelli minori. I miei genitori sono sposati da 1979. Adesso ho anche due cognate. Non ho ancora nipoti.”
(My family is very large. My mother has seven siblings, and I have lots of cousins. I don’t have sisters, but I have two younger brothers. My parents have been married since 1979. Now I also have two sister-in-laws. I still don’t have nephews or nieces.)
With these useful Italian phrases and words, you should be well-equipped to describe your family in Italian. Keep working with your Italian tutor on these useful Italian words and phrases for family so that when the topic comes up, you’ll be ready!
Post Author: Nadia B.
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