Guaranteed income’s moment in the sun

April 18, 2017 – 03:46 pm

Nixon_speech_Inline.jpgPresident Richard Nixon, pictured here months after he publicly proposed his “Family Assistance Plan, ” in August 1969.

Nixon himself refused to call the FAP a guaranteed annual income, saying that “a guaranteed income establishes a right [income] without any responsibilities [work] …There is no reason why one person should be taxed so another can choose to live idly.” But, despite Nixon’s rhetorical distinction, many conservatives opposed the president’s plan for just those reasons: they worried not only about cost, but also about the creation of a large class of people dependent on “welfare.”

Rhetoric aside, the FAP was indeed a form of GAI. The President’s Commission certainly thought so, writing in their letter submitting “Poverty Amid Plenty” to Nixon, “We are pleased to note that the basic structure of the Family Assistance Program is similar to that of the program we have proposed…Both programs represent a marked departure from past principles and assumptions that have proven to be incorrect.”

Nixon’s FAP was very moderate: it only applied to families with children (childless couples and individuals were out of luck), included a work requirement for householders considered “employable, ” and would not have increased benefits for AFDC recipients in states providing relatively high benefit levels.

For a family of four without any other income, the FAP would provide $1, 600 (2013: $10, 121). But a family that did have income from employment would get a declining amount of FAP dollars until family income reached $3, 920 (2013: $24, 798). A family of four that had been earning $12, 652 in 2013 dollars would have had its income increased through the FAP to $18, 725. Ultimately, the vast majority of benefits would have gone to the “working poor, ” a significant departure from then-existing programs that denied welfare benefits to those who were employed.

The FAP sailed through the U.S. House of Representatives comfortably, 243 to 155, but stalled in the Senate.

Many Congressional Democrats insisted that assuring the dignity of the poor required a more expansive program than the FAP, and criticized that proposal for its low income floor and work requirements. Representative William F. Ryan (D-N.Y.), who had been the first to introduce legislation for a GAI (in 1968), told the House in April 1970 that “accepting the concept of income maintenance and establishing the mechanics for implementing that concept are two far different things.” And though Ryan suggested “we do well to embrace the concept, ” he characterized Nixon’s FAP as “seriously flawed.”

As an alternative, Ryan pointed to the proposal of the National Welfare Rights Organization (NWRO), which had argued for a much higher base income: $5, 500/year (2013: $32, 910). Ryan argued on the floor of the House of Representatives that:

[A] guaranteed annual income is not a privilege. It should be a right to which every American is entitled. No country as affluent as ours can allow any citizen or his family not to have an adequate diet, not to have adequate housing, not to have adequate health services and not to have adequate educational opportunity — in short, not to be able to have a life with dignity.

Come Home, America

Nixon and Congressional Democrats, though, were not the only ones with a plan. In fact, the 1972 Democratic nominee for president — Senator George McGovern (D-S.D.) — rolled out his own GAI proposal in January of that year. McGovern suggested that “every man, woman, and child receive from the federal government an annual payment, ” a payment which would “not vary in accordance with the wealth of the recipient” nor be contingent on the family unit. In contrast to Nixon, McGovern believed payments should be made to individuals and childless couples.

Senator George McGovern (D-S.D.), the Democratic nominee for president in 1972, supported guaranteed income proposals on the campaign trail.

Source: www.remappingdebate.org

Clearblue Clearblue Easy Digital Ovulation Test, 7 Count (Packaging May Vary)
Health and Beauty (Clearblue)
  • Maximize the chances of conceiving naturally
  • Completely clear result: A smiley face in the indicator window pinpoints your 2 most likely days to get pregnant
  • Over 99% accurate at detecting your LH surge
  • Take the test any time of the day
  • 7 Clearblue Digital Ovulation Tests included
Best Natural Childbirth Program - Painless Birthing Program Pain Free Pregnancy - Labor Pain and Childbirth Fears Eliminated - First Pregnancy Works Like Hypno Birthing and Hypno Babies - Reduces and Eliminates Painful Labor, Painful Childbirth, and Stress
Baby Product (GEC)
  • EVEN ENGLAND S DUCHESS KATE CHOSE HYPNOSIS AS HER BIRTHING MODALITY TO DELIVER THE ROYAL BABY, PRINCE GEORGE!
  • Studies Show A Child Delivered With Natural Childbirth Have Higher IQs and Fewer Problems Both Physically and Mentally In Their Lives. (JAMA)
  • SEEN ON NBC s DATELINE - Doctor-Approved Self-Hypnosis Program Significantly Reduces Labor Pain Associated With Childbirth, This Program Was Seen On TV s Dateline...
  • Works Well With Yoga and Waterbirths, the Bradley Method, and the Lamaze Technique, Teaches You To Be Completely Relaxed and Enjoy The Birth Of Your Baby
  • This Childbirth Without Fear, Without Pain, Program Teaches How To Minimize or Avoid Episiotomy, Reduce or Eliminate Post Partum Depression, Creates A Stress Free...
Fertility Tracker Fertility Tracker - Saliva Ovulation Microscope - Monitor Saliva Ferning to Predict Ovulation
Health and Beauty (Fertility Tracker)
  • Has 100X magnification (twice as strong as some lipstick models). A stronger magnification helps you to spot your fertile days long before the competition sees them...
  • Comes with six (6) reusable acrylic slides in a slip case allowing you to revisit past days and compare the results. This is very important to those who are insecure...
  • The Fertility Tracker comes with a 44 page instruction booklet covering more than just ferning and how to spot ovulation is coming.
  • he Fertility Tracker is lightweight - it fits in your purse and your night stand and is only 6 inches high. Comes with two easily replaced AA batteries.

Related posts:

  1. What is family Mosaic?
  2. What is a Family Plan?
  3. What is Family About?
  4. What is the Family Man About?